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Reading Understanding and Applying Nursing Research 5th Edition Fain Test Bank

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Reading Understanding and Applying Nursing Research 5th Edition Fain Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0803660410

ISBN-10: 0803660413

 

Reading Understanding and Applying Nursing Research 5th Edition Fain Test Bank

ISBN-13: 978-0803660410

ISBN-10: 0803660413

 

 

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Chapter 10: Data Collection Methods

 

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

____     1.   Which of the following is not a method of data collection?

1. Questionnaires
2. Interviews
3. Experiments
4. Observations

 

 

____     2.   The tendency for participants to respond to an item on a questionnaire in a way that does not reflect the real situation is called a _____.

1. response set bias
2. probe
3. semantic differential
4. contingency question

 

 

____     3.   Likert scales are sometimes referred to as:

1. semantic differential scales.
2. visual analogue scales.
3. summative scales.
4. Guttman scales.

 

 

____     4.   You wish to construct a tool that will measure a subject’s perception of a concept using pairs of adjectives reflecting opposite feelings. A good choice would be:

1. Guttman.
2. Likert.
3. Thurstone.
4. semantic differential.

 

 

____     5.   What is an advantage of using qualitative data?

1. It does not require prior knowledge of the subject.
2. It can be analyzed without extreme effort.
3. Comparisons can be easily made.
4. Hypotheses can be tested with statistical techniques.

 

 

____     6.   The question “What is your opinion on the legalization of marijuana?” elicits what type of response?

1. Open-ended
2. Categorical
3. Continuous
4. Ordering

 

 

____     7.   The question “What is your sex: male or female” elicits what type of response?

1. Open-ended
2. Categorical
3. Continuous
4. Ordering

 

 

____     8.   The question “What is your current weight in pounds?” elicits what type of response?

1. Open-ended
2. Categorical
3. Continuous
4. Ordering

 

 

____     9.   Which statement about ordering the questions on a questionnaire is false?

1. The first topic should be the one a respondent will consider most important.
2. Questions that are similar in content should be grouped together.
3. Questions about sensitive topics should be placed near the beginning of the questionnaire.
4. Demographic questions should be placed at the end of the questionnaire.

 

 

____   10.   “On a scale of 1 to 5, with 1 being not painful and 5 being painful, how would you rate your venipuncture experience?” is an example of what type of scale?

1. Likert
2. Semantic differential
3. Visual analog
4. Guttman

 

 

____   11.   What scale asks users to place an x on a line indicating the level of intensity of a subjective phenomena?

1. Likert
2. Semantic differential
3. Visual analog
4. Guttman

 

 

____   12.   A sorting technique used to characterize opinions, attitudes, or judgments of individuals through comparative rank ordering is termed:

1. summative.
2. semantic differential.
3. visual analog.
4. Q methodology.

 

 

____   13.   Which qualitative data collection method is used for ethnographic research?

1. Interviews
2. Participant observations
3. Focus groups
4. Questionnaires

 

 

____   14.   Observing interactions and detecting attitudes, opinions, and solutions to specific topics posed by a facilitator is the goal of which type of data collection method?

1. Interviews
2. Participant observation
3. Focus groups
4. Questionnaires

 

 

____   15.   A list of topics administered to subjects by a skilled interviewer is termed:

1. interview schedule.
2. closed-ended questionnaire.
3. open-ended questionnaire.
4. survey.

 

Chapter 10: Data Collection Methods

Answer Section

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. ANS:  3

Chapter: Data Collection Methods

Chapter Learning Objective: 1. Identify common instruments and methods used to collect data in quantitative and qualitative research.

Page: 214

Heading: Qualitative Versus Quantitative Data

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Questionnaires are a method of data collection.
2 This is incorrect. Interviews are a method of data collection.
3 This is correct. Experimentation is not a method of data collection.
4 This is incorrect. Observations are a method of data collection.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  1

Chapter: Data Collection Methods

Chapter Learning Objective: 4. Compare and contrast the different types of scaling techniques.

Page: 223

Heading: Likert Scales

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is correct. Response set bias is the tendency for subjects to respond to items based on irrelevant criteria.
2 This is incorrect. Probe is another term for question, usually to explore an answer further.
3 This is incorrect. A semantic differential scale is a set of scales that uses pairs of adjectives that reflect opposite feelings.
4 This is incorrect. A contingency question directs participants to different follow-up questions depending on their response.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  3

Chapter: Data Collection Methods

Chapter Learning Objective: 4. Compare and contrast the different types of scaling techniques.

Page: 223

Heading: Likert Scales

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Knowledge

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Likert scales are sometimes referred to as summative scales.
2 This is incorrect. Summative scale is another term for Likert scale.
3 This is correct. Likert scales are also called summative scales.
4 This is incorrect. Likert scales are also known as summative scales.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  4

Chapter: Data Collection Methods

Chapter Learning Objective: 4. Compare and contrast the different types of scaling techniques.

Page: 228

Heading: Semantic Differential Scales

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Application

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Moderate

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. A Guttman scale asks responders to agree or disagree with an item.
2 This is incorrect. Likert scales require subjects to respond to a series of statements and select an appropriately ranked response.
3 This is incorrect. A Thurstone scale measures attitude.
4 This is correct. Semantic differential scales use pairs of adjectives that reflect opposite feelings.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  1

Chapter: Data Collection Methods

Chapter Learning Objective: 1. Identify common instruments and methods used to collect data in quantitative and qualitative research.

Page: 214

Heading: Qualitative Versus Quantitative Data

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

 

  Feedback
1 This is correct. An advantage to using qualitative data is that it does not require prior knowledge of the subject.
2 This is incorrect. Quantitative data can be analyzed without extreme effort.
3 This is incorrect. Comparisons can be easily made with quantitative data.
4 This is incorrect. With quantitative data, hypotheses can be tested with well-developed statistical techniques.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  1

Chapter: Data Collection Methods

Chapter Learning Objective: 2. Distinguish between closed-ended and open-ended questionnaires.

Page: 221

Heading: Designing Good Answers

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Application

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is correct. An open-ended question elicits an answer consisting of a free-form statement or essay in which the respondent chooses what to say.
2 This is incorrect. A categorical response is a type of closed answer that respondents are asked to choose from a limited number of alternatives.
3 This is incorrect. Continuous responses represent a large range of values, such as age, weight, height, and so forth that can be entered directly.
4 This is incorrect. An answer consisting of a free-form statement or essay in which the respondent chooses what to say is termed an open-ended response.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  2

Chapter: Data Collection Methods

Chapter Learning Objective: 2. Distinguish between closed-ended and open-ended questionnaires.

Page: 221

Heading: Designing Good Answers

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Application

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. An open-ended question elicits an answer consisting of a free-form statement or essay in which the respondent chooses what to say.
2 This is correct. A categorical response is a type of closed answer that respondents are asked to choose from a limited number of alternatives.
3 This is incorrect. Continuous responses represent a large range of values, such as age, weight, height, and so forth that can be entered directly.
4 This is incorrect. An answer consisting of a free-form statement or essay in which the respondent chooses what to say is termed an open-ended response.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  3

Chapter: Data Collection Methods

Chapter Learning Objective: 2. Distinguish between closed-ended and open-ended questionnaires.

Page: 221

Heading: Designing Good Answers

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Application

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. An open-ended question elicits an answer consisting of a free-form statement or essay in which the respondent chooses what to say.
2 This is incorrect. A categorical response is a type of closed answer that respondents are asked to choose from a limited number of alternatives.
3 This is correct. Continuous responses represent a large range of values, such as age, weight, height, and so forth that can be entered directly.
4 This is incorrect. An answer consisting of a free-form statement or essay in which the respondent chooses what to say is termed an open-ended response.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  3

Chapter: Data Collection Methods

Chapter Learning Objective: 1. Identify common instruments and methods used to collect data in quantitative and qualitative research.

Page: 222

Heading: Ordering the Questions

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Comprehension

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. The first topic should be the one the respondent will consider most important.
2 This is incorrect. Questions that are similar in content should be grouped together.
3 This is correct. Questions about sensitive topics should be placed about two-thirds of the way into the questionnaire.
4 This is incorrect. Demographic questions should be placed at the end of the questionnaire.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  2

Chapter: Data Collection Methods

Chapter Learning Objective: 4. Compare and contrast the different types of scaling techniques.

Page: 228

Heading: Semantic Differential Scales

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Application

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Moderate

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Likert scales require subjects to respond to a series of statements and select an appropriately ranked response.
2 This is correct. The semantic differential scale is composed of scales that use a pair of adjectives that reflect opposite feelings.
3 This is incorrect. The visual analog scale measures subjective phenomena (e.g., pain, fatigue, anxiety). Subjects are asked to mark a point on a line indicating the amount of the phenomena experienced at the time.
4 This is incorrect. A Guttman scale asks responders to agree or disagree with an item.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  3

Chapter: Data Collection Methods

Chapter Learning Objective: 4. Compare and contrast the different types of scaling techniques.

Page: 230

Heading: Semantic Differential Scales

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Application

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Moderate

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Likert scales require subjects to respond to a series of statements and select an appropriately ranked response.
2 This is incorrect. The semantic differential scale is composed of scales that use a pair of adjectives that reflect opposite feelings.
3 This is correct. The visual analog scale measures subjective phenomena (e.g., pain, fatigue, anxiety). Subjects are asked to mark a point on a line indicating the amount of the phenomena experienced at the time.
4 This is incorrect. A Guttman scale asks responders to agree or disagree with an item.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  4

Chapter: Data Collection Methods

Chapter Learning Objective: 4. Compare and contrast the different types of scaling techniques.

Page: 230

Heading: Q Methodology

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Knowledge

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Summative scales require subjects to respond to a series of statements and select an appropriately ranked response.
2 This is incorrect. The semantic differential scale is composed of scales that use a pair of adjectives that reflect opposite feelings.
3 This is incorrect. Visual analog scales measure subjective phenomena (e.g., pain, fatigue, anxiety). Subjects are asked to mark a point on a line indicating the amount of the phenomena experienced at the time.
4 This is correct. Q Methodology is a sorting technique used to characterize opinions, attitudes, or judgments of individuals through comparative rank ordering.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  2

Chapter: Data Collection Methods

Chapter Learning Objective: 1. Identify common instruments and methods used to collect data in quantitative and qualitative research.

Page: 233

Heading: Qualitative Data Collection Methods

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Knowledge

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Interviews are used to elicit meaningful data in qualitative studies; however, they are not the primary method for ethnographic research.
2 This is correct. Participant observation involves direct observation through involvement with subjects in their natural setting, which makes it useful in ethnographic research.
3 This is incorrect. A focus group is acceptable for in-depth interviews; however, they are not the primary method for ethnographic research.
4 This is incorrect. Questionnaires are useful for both qualitative and quantitative research; however, they are not the most useful method for ethnographic research.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  3

Chapter: Data Collection Methods

Chapter Learning Objective: 1. Identify common instruments and methods used to collect data in quantitative and qualitative research.

Page: 233

Heading: Qualitative Data Collection Methods

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Knowledge

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is incorrect. Interviews are used to elicit meaningful data in qualitative studies; however, the goal is not to observe interactions and detect attitudes, opinions, and solutions to specific topics posed by a facilitator.
2 This is incorrect. Participant observation involves direct observation through involvement with subjects in their natural setting, participating in their lifestyle activities.
3 This is correct. The goal of a focus group is to observe interactions and detect attitudes, opinions, and solutions to specific topics posed by a facilitator.
4 This is incorrect. Questionnaires are useful for both qualitative and quantitative research; however, they are not designed for observation.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

 

  1. ANS:  1

Chapter: Data Collection Methods

Chapter Learning Objective: 1. Identify common instruments and methods used to collect data in quantitative and qualitative research.

Page: 234

Heading: Qualitative Data Collection Methods

Integrated Processes: Nursing Process

Client Need: Safe and Effective Care Environment

Cognitive Level: Knowledge

Concept: Evidence-based practice

Difficulty: Easy

  Feedback
1 This is correct. An interview schedule is a list of topics administered to subjects by a skilled interviewer.
2 This is incorrect. A closed-ended questionnaire is a type of format in which subjects are asked to select an answer from several choices.
3 This is incorrect. An open-ended questionnaire is a type of format in which subjects are asked to provide specific answers.
4 This is incorrect. A survey is a method of collecting data to describe, compare, or explain knowledge, behaviors, or attitudes.

 

 

PTS:   1                    CON:  Evidence-based practice

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